Cost Accounting

What is Fixed Overhead Volume Variance?

The fixed overhead volume variance is also referred to as the production volume variation because this variance is dependent on production volume.

The volume variance quantifies the difference between two output levels in monetary terms. The first production level represents the period’s actual output. The second production level serves as the denominator in the budgeted fixed overhead rate, which is stated in units.

Importance of Fixed Overhead Volume Variance in Cost Management

Fixed overhead costs are expenses that do not change with the level of production or sales, such as rent, insurance, and depreciation. These costs are budgeted beforehand to estimate how much the business will spend on them. However, in reality, the actual fixed overhead costs may vary from the budgeted amount due to changes in the production volume or activity level.

Fixed overhead volume variance is an important concept in cost management that is used to analyze the difference between actual and expected overhead costs based on the level of production. It is an essential tool for businesses to monitor their cost performance and make informed decisions regarding their operations.

Assessing Efficiency

Fixed Overhead Volume Variance (FOVV) helps assess a company’s efficiency in controlling its fixed overhead costs. A favourable FOVV indicates that the company is effectively managing its fixed overhead costs, while an unfavourable FOVV indicates room for improvement.

Planning and Budgeting

FOVV is used as a tool for planning and budgeting. It helps companies to identify the expected fixed overhead costs for a given level of production, which in turn helps in setting budgets and making informed decisions.

Decision Making

FOVV provides important information to managers in making decisions regarding production levels. It helps them understand the impact of changes in the production level on the fixed overhead costs, which in turn helps make informed decisions.


In conclusion, Fixed Overhead Volume Variance is crucial for cost management and decision-making. It provides valuable insights into the efficiency of a company in managing its fixed overhead costs and helps make informed decisions regarding production levels.

By analyzing Fixed Overhead Volume Variance, management accountants can identify potential areas for improvement in production processes or resource allocation. This information can then be used to make informed decisions and take corrective actions to optimize costs and improve overall financial performance.

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