Financial Accounting Concepts

What is the Current Ratio and Current Ratio Formula?

What is the Current Ratio?

The current ratio is a measure of the short-term financial liquidity of a business. It is the ratio of current assets to current liabilities.

It is necessary to understand current assets and current liabilities’ meanings to find out the current ratio of a business entity.

Current Assets

Current assets are cash and other assets that can be converted into cash within one year. They appear on a company’s balance sheet and are used to measure a company’s short-term financial health. The most common current assets are cash, accounts receivable, and inventory.

Current assets are important because they provide the liquidity that a company needs to meet its short-term obligations. They also help to buffer a company against unexpected expenses or revenue shortfalls.

Current Liabilities

A company’s current liabilities are obligations that are due within one year. This includes items such as accounts payable, short-term loans, and taxes payable. The total of a company’s current liabilities is listed on the balance sheet as part of the current assets section.

Current liabilities are important to track because they need to be paid off in order for the company to continue operating normally. A high level of current liabilities can indicate that a company is having financial troubles and might not be able to pay its bills.

What is the Current Ratio Formula?

The following is the formula to calculate the current ratio of a firm:

Current Ratio = Current Assets/Current Liabilities

The higher the current ratio, the better it is for the firm. Typically, a ratio of at least 2:1 is considered satisfactory. However, it varies from industry to industry.


In conclusion, the current ratio is a measure of a company’s liquidity and its ability to pay debts over the short term. The current ratio formula is simple, and it can be used to measure a company’s liquidity at any given time. A high current ratio is good for a company, as it means that it has more assets that can be used to pay off its debts. A low current ratio, on the other hand, could signal that a company is in financial trouble.

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