Cost Accounting and Cost Management

# What is the Margin of Safety? Margin of Safety Formula

The margin of safety is the difference between actual sales and the point at which a business breaks even.

The margin of safety indicates how much a company may lose in sales before it starts losing money or before it falls below the break-even threshold. The greater the margin of safety, the lesser the danger of incurring a loss or failing to break even.

## Formula for Margin of Safety Calculation

In order to calculate the margin of safety, we use the following formula:

We can take this formula one step further to figure the margin of safety percentage

The Margin of Safety percentage = Margin of Safety in Dollars / Total actual (or budgeted) sales in dollars

It is essential that there be a considerable margin of safety; otherwise, a reduction in activity could prove disastrous. The amount of a business’s margin of safety is indicative of its financial health. A narrow margin of safety typically indicates large fixed overheads, meaning that profits cannot be realised until there is sufficient activity to absorb fixed costs.

A high margin of safety indicates that the break-even point is well below actual sales so that even if sales decline, there will still be a point. With a narrow margin of safety and high fixed costs, action is required to either reduce fixed costs or increase sales volume.