Corporate Accounting

What are limited liability companies?

Limited liability companies are a type of organisation owned by shareholders, whose liability is limited to the amount that they invested in the company.

Specifically, their liability is limited to the worth of all their fully-paid shares. This is different from a sole trader, who incurs unlimited liability. Hence, if the trader’s company is yet to creditors, the owner’s personal possessions may also be confiscated.

Limited liability protection is one of the most significant characteristics of a limited liability company. This indicates that the members’ personal assets are shielded from corporate debts and liabilities. The members’ personal assets cannot be utilised to settle the company’s debts in the event that the LLC is sued. This protection extends to all members of the LLC, regardless of their level of commercial activity.

There are two main types of limited companies: public and private limited companies. Public limited companies are allowed to issue shares to members of the public by enlisting in a stock exchange. On the other hand, private limited companies are not: they are only allowed to issue shares to their small group of owners.

Features of a Limited Liability Company

The following are the main features of a limited liability company:

Unlimited ownership

There is no limit to the number of people who can own a limited liability company. On the other hand, sole traders can have only one owner while partnerships can have up to 20 (this depends on the country where it is located).

Rewards in the form of dividends

Shareholders receive a regular dividend payment as a reward for investing in the company.

The separation between ownership and control

The people who own the company are not necessarily the people who are running it. This is because directors are appointed by shareholders of a limited company to take care of its day-to-day operations. A few of the shareholders can also be directors.

Legal Requirements

LLCs have fewer regulatory obligations than corporations, making them an attractive alternative for small firms and entrepreneurs. LLCs are not required to convene annual meetings, maintain lengthy minutes, or publish elaborate financial reports, for example. Yet, it is essential to maintain accurate records of all business activities and adhere to all current rules and regulations.


The main source of funding for limited companies is the issue of shares. Once it issues shares, existing or new shareholders can buy them and therefore own a part of the company. This way, the company will be able to raise money, and the shareholders can receive a dividend.

Disadvantages of LLCs

LLCs provide several advantages, but they also have certain downsides. One of the primary downsides is that they might be more expensive to establish and manage than sole proprietorships and partnerships. Moreover, LLCs may have greater tax filing requirements and fees than other business structures.

Another downside of limited liability companies is that they are less established than other company forms, such as corporations. This might make it more difficult to recruit investors and raise funds. However, LLCs may be subject to additional rules and restrictions than other business kinds.


LLCs have a number of benefits that make them an attractive corporate structure for small-enterprise owners. They provide protection from liability, a flexible management structure, pass-through taxes, and a flexible ownership structure. LLCs are also reasonably simple to organise and operate, and they provide a high level of confidentiality. Nevertheless, they can have drawbacks, such as greater expenses and less established legal protections compared to other company arrangements. When selecting an LLC as a business structure, it is essential to examine the pros and downsides and contact a skilled business attorney or accountant.

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