Financial Accounting Concepts

What is a Bank Reconciliation Statement?

Bank Reconciliation Statement

A bank reconciliation statement is a document that reconciles the balances of a bank’s checking account with the bank’s reported financial statements.

A bank reconciliation statement is a document that lists all of the transactions in an account, both deposits and withdrawals, and reconciles the account against the bank’s records. This is done to ensure that the account holder has an accurate view of their finances and to check for any errors or fraudulent activity.

A bank reconciliation statement is a document that summarizes the transactions of a bank account for the past month. Transactions can include deposits, withdrawals, and transfers. This statement can help you keep track of your finances and ensure that all transactions are recorded properly. Bank reconciliation statements are generally prepared monthly, quarterly or annually. Bank reconciliation statements may be prepared manually by the bank’s accounting staff, or they can be generated automatically by a bank’s computerized accounting system.

Why is a Bank Reconciliation Statement Needed for Businesses?

Many businesses have bank accounts, each of which has different account types. For example, you might have a bank account that provides you with your company’s general funds, another used for business operations only, a chequebook account for handling deposits and withdrawals, and a checking account used for making payments to contractors and vendors.

When you write a check to a vendor, it could be deposited in the general account, paid from the vendor’s account, or paid from the company’s checking account. It is important to note that these transactions are separate and should be reported separately on the bank reconciliation statement.

Other bank accounts which are usually included in a bank reconciliation statement are accounts for mortgages, rental income and expenses, and loans. The business owner should always keep track of all their bank transactions and use a bank reconciliation statement as part of their monthly accounting process.

When you reconcile your bank statement, you are making sure that the balances match up. This is important because it ensures that you have not been overcharged or undercharged for any transactions. It also helps to prevent fraud and identify errors.


The Bank Reconciliation Statement helps you see what happened within your business finances and how they relate to the income tax return you file for the year. These reconciliations help you determine the income tax consequences to your business.

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